Background: Many patients with gastroparesis have had their gallbladders removed. Aim: To determine if clinical presentations of patients with gastroparesis differ in those with prior cholecystectomy compared to patients who have not had their gallbladder removed. Methods: Gastroparetic patients were prospectively enrolled in the NIDDK Gastroparesis Registry. Detailed history and physical examinations were performed; patients filled out questionnaires including patient assessment of GI symptoms. Results: Of 391 subjects with diabetic or idiopathic gastroparesis (IG), 142 (36 %) had a prior cholecystectomy at the time of enrollment. Patients with prior cholecystectomy were more often female, older, married, and overweight or obese. Cholecystectomy had been performed in 27/59 (46 %) of T2DM compared to 19/78 (24 %) T1DM and 96/254 IG (38 %) (p = 0.03). Patients with cholecystectomy had more comorbidities, particularly chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, depression, and anxiety. Postcholecystectomy gastroparesis patients had increased health care utilization, and had a worse quality of life. Independent characteristics associated with prior cholecystectomy included insidious onset (OR = 2.06; p = 0.01), more comorbidities (OR = 1.26; p < 0.001), less severe gastric retention (OR(severe) = 0.68; overall p = 0.03) and more severe symptoms of retching (OR = 1.19; p = 0.02) and upper abdominal pain (OR = 1.21; p = 0.02), less severe constipation symptoms (OR = 0.84; p = 0.02), and not classified as having irritable bowel syndrome (OR = 0.51; p = 0.02). Etiology was not independently associated with a prior cholecystectomy. Conclusions: Symptom profiles in patients with and without cholecystectomy differ: postcholecystectomy gastroparesis patients had more severe upper abdominal pain and retching and less severe constipation. These data suggest that prior cholecystectomy is associated with selected manifestations of gastroparesis.
- Gastric emptying
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