Children’s family experiences: development of the PROMIS® pediatric family relationships measures

Katherine B. Bevans, Anne W. Riley, Jeanne M. Landgraf, Adam C. Carle, Rachel E. Teneralli, Barbara H. Fiese, Lisa J. Meltzer, Anna K. Ettinger, Brandon D. Becker, Christopher B. Forrest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Purpose: To describe the development of pediatric family relationships measures, with versions for child self-report (8–17 years) and parent-report for children 5–17 years old. Measures were created for integration into the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS®). Methods: Semi-structured interviews with 10 experts, 24 children, and 8 parents were conducted to elicit and clarify essential elements of family relationships. A systematic literature review was conducted to identify item concepts representative of each element. The concepts were transformed into items that were iteratively revised based on cognitive interviews (n = 43 children) and item translatability review. Psychometric studies involving 2846 children and 2262 parents were conducted to further refine and validate the instruments. Results: Qualitative procedures supported the development of content valid Family Relationships item banks. Final child- and parent-report item banks each contain 47 items. Unidimensional item banks were calibrated using IRT-modeling to estimate item parameters representative of the US population and to enable computerized adaptive test administration. Four- and eight-item short forms were constructed for standard fixed format administration. All instruments have strong internal consistency, retest-reliability, and provide precise estimates of various levels of family relationship quality. Preliminary evidence of the instruments’ validity was provided by known-group comparisons and convergence with legacy measures. Conclusion: The PROMIS pediatric Family Relationships measures can be applied in research focused on determinants, outcomes, and the protective effects of children’s subjective family relationship experiences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3011-3023
Number of pages13
JournalQuality of Life Research
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017


  • Child
  • Child-report
  • Family belonging
  • Family interactions
  • Family relationships
  • Parent-report
  • Social health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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