Chemical denaturation as a tool in the formulation optimization of biologics

Ernesto Freire, Arne Schön, Burleigh M. Hutchins, Richard K. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Biologics have become the fastest growing segment in the pharmaceutical industry. As is the case with all proteins, biologics are susceptible to denature or to aggregate; conditions that, if present, preclude their use as pharmaceuticals. Identifying the solvent conditions that maximize their structural stability is crucial during development. Since the structural stability of a protein is susceptible to different chemical and physical conditions, the use of several complementary techniques can be expected to provide the best answers. Stability measurements that rely on temperature or chemical [urea or guanidine hydrochloride (GuHCl)] denaturation have been the preferred ones in research laboratories and together provide a thorough evaluation of protein stability. In this review, we will discuss chemical denaturation as a tool in the optimization of formulation conditions for biologics, and how chemical denaturation complements the role of thermal denaturation for this purpose.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1007-1013
Number of pages7
JournalDrug Discovery Today
Issue number19-20
StatePublished - Oct 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery


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