Characterizing voiding experiences of men choosing seated and standing positions

Nikan K. Namiri, Bhagat Cheema, Hansen Lui, Anthony Enriquez, Natalie Rios, Sudarshan Srirangapatanam, Andrew J. Cohen, Nnenaya A. Mmonu, Benjamin N. Breyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aims: Voiding positions and preferences in men are not well characterized. In this study, we aim to understand the interplay of voiding characteristics and their impact on voiding position. Methods: We designed a 27-item survey to assess voiding characteristics and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) severity in men seen in urology and other outpatient clinics. Participants included adult men patients and adult men accompanying patients at our institution's outpatient clinics. Data collected included demographics, International Prostate Symptom Score questionnaire, stream type (single, split, and dribble), voiding behavior, positional stream quality, and voiding bother. Results: We received 195 completed surveys (80% response rate). Of men queried, 18% (35/195) preferred to sit while voiding. Overall, men who sit had a higher proportion of LUTS (66% [23/35] vs. 41% [66/160]; p =.01), more physical limitations affecting voiding choice (20% [7/35] vs. 3% [5/160]; (p =.001), and a lower desire to stand (6% [2/35] vs. 24% [38/160]; p =.02), compared to men who stand. Men who sit while voiding reported nearly double the amount of voiding associated bother (34% [12/35]) compared to men who stand (18% [28/160]; p =.04). Older aged men reported a similar rate of seated urination compared to younger men. The most common reasons to void seated included comfort and avoidance of spraying. Conclusions: Our findings discourage the use of anecdotal beliefs founded on generalizable characteristics, such as age and stream type, to infer a patient's voiding characteristics. Open dialog with patients regarding voiding preferences may garner important information regarding overall urologic health and better inform urologic care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2509-2519
Number of pages11
JournalNeurourology and Urodynamics
Issue number8
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020


  • lower urinary tract symptoms
  • sitting
  • standing
  • voiding
  • voiding position

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Urology


Dive into the research topics of 'Characterizing voiding experiences of men choosing seated and standing positions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this