Characterizing ECM production by cells encapsulated in hydrogels.

Iossif A. Strehin, Jennifer H. Elisseeff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Hydrogels composed of hydrophilic polymers such as polyethylene glycol and alginate have been used as scaffolds for various tissue engineering applications. This chapter describes procedures for encapsulation of cells in hydrogels and subsequently characterizing the extracellular matrix (ECM) production by those cells using biochemical assays, gene expression analysis, and histology. In particular, the biochemical assays described here are used to quantify collagen, glycosaminoglycan (GAG), and DNA content in each scaffold. The methods for analyzing the level of gene expression of specific ECM molecules such as collagen I, collagen II, and aggrecan are also described. Finally, included are protocols for histological methods used to analyze overall matrix production and GAG synthesis via hematoxylin and eosin staining and Safranin-O, respectively. These methods can be modified so that other scaffolds apart from hydrogels can be used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-362
Number of pages14
JournalMethods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)
StatePublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


Dive into the research topics of 'Characterizing ECM production by cells encapsulated in hydrogels.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this