Recombinants containing human repetitive DNA sequences were identified by dot hybridization and classified with respect to presence on the X chromosome and homology to mouse DNA. Using genomic probes that differ in number of X chromosomes, we observed extensive homology between human autosomal and X sequences. Hybridization to genomic probes that differ in species of origin indicate that these reiterated sequences have diverged between mouse and man. Eleven recombinants, each containing a different reiterated sequence(s), were hybridized in situ to metaphase chromosomes of mouse and man. These studies indicate that reiterated DNA which is homologous to the human X chromosome is more similar to DNA of human autosomes than to any murine chromosome. Therefore, it seems that reiterated DNA sequences on the human X chromosome have diverged as much during mammalian evolution as sequences on human autosomes. Moreover, the extensive modification of the original mammalian X has not interferred with the X inactivation process.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology