Characterization of potential S-nitrosylation sites in the myocardium

Mark J. Kohr, Angel M. Aponte, Junhui Sun, Guanghui Wang, Elizabeth Murphy, Marjan Gucek, Charles Steenbergen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

107 Scopus citations


S-nitrosylation (SNO) is a reversible protein modification that has the ability to alter the activity of target proteins. However, only a small number of SNO proteins have been found in the myocardium, and even fewer specific sites of SNO have been identified. Therefore, this study aims to characterize potential SNO sites in the myocardium. We utilized a modified version of the SNO-resin-assisted capture technique in tandem with mass spectrometry. In brief, a modified biotin switch was performed using perfused mouse heart homogenates incubated with or without the S-nitrosylating agent S-nitrosogluta-thione. Our modified SNO-resin-assisted capture protocol identified 116 unique SNO-modified proteins under basal conditions, and these represent the constitutive SNO proteome. These constitutive SNO proteins are likely to be physiologically relevant targets, since nitric oxide has been shown to play an important role in the regulation of normal cardiovascular physiology. Following S-nitrosoglutathione treatment, we identified 951 unique SNO proteins, many of which contained multiple SNO sites. These proteins show the potential for SNO. This study provides novel information regarding the constitutive SNO proteome of the myocardium, as well as potential myocar-dial SNO sites, and yields additional information on the SNO sites for many key proteins involved in myocardial contraction, metabolism, and cellular signaling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H1327-H1335
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2011


  • Cardioprotection
  • Ischemic preconditioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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