Characteristics of Sexual and Gender Minority Caregivers of People With Dementia

Joel G. Anderson, Jason D. Flatt, Jennifer M. Jabson Tree, Alden L. Gross, Karen M. Rose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: Given what little is known about the experiences of sexual and gender minority (SGM) caregivers of people with Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias (ADRD), the aim of the current study was to describe psychosocial measures among these caregivers. Methods: We used an online survey and social media recruitment strategies. Results: Of 286 caregivers, the majority were gay men. Most respondents were white, with a third identifying as Latino American. The plurality of caregivers identified as a spouse/partner and were providing care for someone who identified as a sexual minority; one-fifth cared for someone transgender. Sexual orientation, perceived stress, caregiver stigma, and microaggressions were psychosocial factors associated with family quality of life and depressive symptoms in the caregivers. Discussion: This study is the first to provide a focused description of the characteristics and psychosocial needs of SGM caregivers of someone with ADRD, supporting development of targeted interventions for this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)838-851
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Issue number10
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • caregiver
  • dementia
  • gender minority
  • sexual minority

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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