Characteristics of maternal-infant interaction during treatment for opioid withdrawal

Denise J. Maguire, Susan Taylor, Kathleen Armstrong, Emily Shaffer-Hudkins, Rita DeBate, Aaron M. Germain, Sandra S. Brooks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the interactions between mothers in a methadone treatment program and their infants during a bottle feeding and compare the findings with normed data. Design: A comparative-descriptive design was used. Sample: Data from 12 opiate-exposed mother-infant dyads were compared with normed data. Main outcome variable: Nursing Child Assessment Satellite-Training Scale scores. Results: The opiate-exposed dyads scored significantly lower than the normed dyads in the infant subscales of clarity of cues (p <.001, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.56-4.08) and responsiveness to caregiver (p <.01, 95% CI, 0.27-2.5), as well as the total score (p <.001, 95% CI, 2.42-6.15). Parent sensitivity to infant cues subscale (p <.01, 95% CI, 0.42-2.37) and parent contingency score (p <.01, 95% CI, 0.55-3.81) were also significantly lower. The cognitive growth fostering subscale scores were significantly higher in the neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) group (p <.01, 95% CI, 22.94 to 20.7).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-304
Number of pages8
JournalNeonatal network : NN
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Feeding
  • Maternal interaction
  • Neonatal abstinence
  • Nursing Child Assessment Satellite-Training Scale (NCAST)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Critical Care
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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