Chaos game representation of human pallidal spike trains

Mahta Rasouli, Golta Rasouli, Fredrick A. Lenz, Donald S. Borrett, Leo Verhagen, Hon C. Kwan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Many studies have demonstrated the presence of scale invariance and long-range correlation in animal and human neuronal spike trains. The methodologies to extract the fractal or scale-invariant properties, however, do not address the issue as to the existence within the train of fine temporal structures embedded in the global fractal organisation. The present study addresses this question in human spike trains by the chaos game representation (CGR) approach, a graphical analysis with which specific temporal sequences reveal themselves as geometric structures in the graphical representation. The neuronal spike train data were obtained from patients whilst undergoing pallidotomy. Using this approach, we observed highly structured regions in the representation, indicating the presence of specific preferred sequences of interspike intervals within the train. Furthermore, we observed that for a given spike train, the higher the magnitude of its scaling exponent, the more pronounced the geometric patterns in the representation and, hence, higher probability of occurrence of specific subsequences. Given its ability to detect and specify in detail the preferred sequences of interspike intervals, we believe that CGR is a useful adjunct to the existing set of methodologies for spike train analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)197-205
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2010


  • Apomorphine
  • Chaos game representation
  • Globus pallidus
  • Long-range correlation
  • Scaling exponent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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