Changing living conditions; Changing health U.S. Cities since world war II

Nicholas Freudenberg, Sandro Galea, David Vlahov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


Enduring structures, global and national trends, municipal determinants, and urban living conditions in communities have interacted to create the unique patterns of health and disease that characterized U.S. cities in the last half of the 20th century. In the 19th and 20th centuries, public health researchers focused on the health consequences of industrialization and urbanization. In recent decades, urban researchers have emphasized the impact of the diffusion of urban characteristics to wider metropolitan regions. To develop policies and programs that can make healthy cities a reality in the United States and in other developed and developing nations in the 21st century, we need to move beyond describing the health-related characteristics of various urban populations and analyze how living conditions in cities and metropolitan areas affect health, especially differentially between groups within cities. Such a shift in framework is necessary if we are to make comparisons that can inform interventions at the appropriate level and evaluate their effectiveness in improving the health of urban populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCities and the Health of the Public
PublisherVanderbilt University Press
Number of pages27
ISBN (Print)0826515118, 9780826515117
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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