We have shown that left pulmonary artery ligation (LPAL) in mice causes a prompt angiogenic response, with new systemic vessels from intercostal arteries penetrating the pleura within 6 days. Because angiogenic vessels in other organs have been shown to exhibit increased permeability, we studied vascular permeability (Evans blue dye extravasation, lung wet weight-to-dry weight ratio, and lavaged protein) in naive C57BL/6 mice and 4 h, and 14 and 21 days after LPAL (4-6 mice/time point). We also measured radiolabel clearance as an index of functional perfusion after LPAL. Tracer clearance from the left lung was maximal by 6 days after LPAL and not different from right lungs. Thus a functional vasculature is established before 6 days of LPAL that results in normal tracer clearance. By 21 days after LPAL, Evans blue-albumin was significantly increased in the left lung relative to both 4 h (no vasculature) and 14 days after LPAL. Only after 21 days of LPAL was left lung wet weight-to-dry weight ratio significantly different from naive lungs. Additionally, lavaged protein was significantly increased both 4 h and 21 days after LPAL relative to control mice. Thus, using three different methods, results consistently demonstrated increased permeability to protein and water 21 days after LPAL. Although changes in surface area of perfusion might affect the interpretation of these results, blood flow measured with labeled microspheres indicated no change in left lung perfusion between 14 and 21 days of LPAL. Thus the lung vasculature, remodeled as a consequence of chronic pulmonary artery obstruction, demonstrates increased water and protein permeability.
- Bronchoalveolar lavage
- Evans blue dye
- Lung wet weight-to-dry weight ratio
- Technetium-99m-labeled diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)