Cerebral venous thrombosis: Associations between disease severity and cardiac markers

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BackgroundPlasma cardiac troponin (cTn) elevation occurs in acute ischemic stroke and intracranial hemorrhage and can suggest a poor prognosis. Because acute cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) might lead to venous stasis, which could result in cardiac stress, it is important to evaluate whether cTn elevation occurs in patients with CVT.MethodsInpatients at Johns Hopkins Hospital from 2005 to 2015 meeting the following criteria were included: CVT (ICD-9 codes with radiologic confirmation) and available admission electrocardiogram (ECG) and cTn level. In regression models, presence of ECG abnormalities and cTn elevation (>0.06 ng/mL) were evaluated as dependent variables in separate models, with location and severity of CVT involvement as independent variables, adjusted for age, sex, and hypertension.ResultsOf 81 patients with CVST, 53 (66%) met the inclusion criteria. Participants were, on average, aged 42 years, white (71%), and female (66%). The left transverse sinus was most commonly thrombosed (47%), with 66% having >2 veins thrombosed. Twenty-two (41%) had cTn elevation. Odds of cTn elevation increased per each additional vein thrombosed (adjusted OR 2.79, 95% CI [1.08-7.23]). Of those with deep venous involvement, 37.5% had cTn elevation compared with 4.4% without deep clots (p = 0.02). Venous infarction (n = 15) was associated with a higher mean cTn (0.14 vs 0.02 ng/mL, p = 0.009) and was predictive of a higher cTn in adjusted models (β = 0.15, 95% CI [0.06-0.25]).ConclusionsIn this single-center cohort study, markers of CVT severity were associated with increased odds of cTn elevation; further investigation is needed to elucidate causality and significance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-121
Number of pages7
JournalNeurology: Clinical Practice
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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