Cerebral Palsy

M. L. Campbell, A. H. Hoon, M. V. Johnston

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


Cerebral palsy (CP) describes a group of lifelong neurological disorders that affect muscle tone, posture, mobility, and hand use. It is the most common cause of motor disability in childhood. Functional limitations vary in severity from isolated gait disturbance to an inability to move, and may change over time. CP can be classified on the basis of neurological examination, limb involvement, or degree of functional impairment. A commonly employed classification with clinical implications for treatment is that based on examination into spastic, extrapyramidal, and mixed forms. Dramatic innovations in diagnosis using magnetic resonance imaging and new treatment modalities offer improved diagnosis, treatment options, educational opportunities, and overall quality of life. In summary, the majority of children with CP grow into adulthood, and can lead successful lives with appropriate supports.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Infant and Early Childhood Development
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9780123708779
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008


  • Cerebral palsy
  • Developmental
  • Dystonia
  • Extrapyramidal
  • Intrathecal baclofen pump
  • Management
  • Mental retardation
  • Periventricular leukomalacia
  • Prematurity
  • Selective dorsal rhizotomy
  • Spasticity
  • Therapeutic botulinum toxin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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