Cerebral hemodynamics changes during retrograde brain perfusion in dogs

Alexander Y. Razumovsky, Elaine E. Tseng, Daniel F. Hanley, William A. Baumgartner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The objective of this study was to examine cerebral hemodynamics changes during hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA) with and without retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP). Thirteen colony-bred hound dogs were placed on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and cooled to 18°C. Five dogs underwent 2 hours of HCA without RCP and 8 with RCP. The animals were then rewarmed on CPB until normothermic and weaned. Cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) and Gosling Pulsatility Index (PI) in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) were studied using trans-cranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD). At baseline and during pre- and postarrest CPB, there was anterograde direction of blood flow in the MCA. During HCA with RCP, there was retrograde direction of blood flow in the MCA. There was no difference in CBFV between pre-, during, and postarrest CPB in the group with RCP; however, there was significantly increased CBFV during postarrest CPB in the group without RCP compared to the dogs with RCP. Later, at 3 hours after postarrest CPB, there was decreased CBFV in all animals accompanied by increased PI (2.4 ±0.4 and 2.2 ±0.6 for animals with RCP and without RCP, respectively) and abnormal TCD waveform changes including decreased diastolic compartment and sharp systolic peak. During hypothermic circulatory arrest, RCP provides CBFV in the MCA comparable to MCA CBFV during CPB. HCA dogs without RCP showed immediate hyperemia on reperfusion. The decreased CBFV and increased PI at 1 hour after postarrest CPB could be an indicator of progressive ischemic injury due to the increased intracranial pressure despite the implementation of RCP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-178
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuroimaging
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001


  • Blood flow velocity
  • Cardiopulmonary bypass
  • Cerebral perfusion
  • Transcranial ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology


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