Central Europe

Vladimír Sládek, Margit Berner, Eliška Makajevová, Petr Velemínský, Martin Hora, Christopher B. Ruff

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


This chapter summarizes temporal variation in postcranial properties in the Central European region from the Terminal Pleistocene through the Holocene. It briefly reviews some background for Central European bioarchaeological and archaeological research. The chapter deals with regional variation of postcranial features such as stature, body mass, body mass index, relative bi-iliac breadth, and crural and brachial indices. It also compares femoral, tibial, and humeral cortical areas and section moduli and bilateral directional asymmetry in humeral cross-sectional properties. The Central Europeans show an overall decrease of femoral and tibial cortical area and average bending strength between the Terminal Pleistocene and early Holocene up to the Bronze Age (femoral CSG) and the Avar (tibial CSG), and a slight increase afterwards. The chapter demonstrates that changes in stature and body mass observed during Holocene variations are well within the range of secular changes observed during last 100 years among Central European living populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSkeletal Variation and Adaptation in Europeans
Subtitle of host publicationUpper Paleolithic to the Twentieth Century
Number of pages40
ISBN (Electronic)9781118628430
ISBN (Print)9781118627969
StatePublished - Dec 19 2017


  • Bilateral directional asymmetry
  • Body mass index
  • Central European living populations
  • Humeral cross-sectional properties
  • Regional variation
  • Section moduli
  • Temporal variation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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