The heaviest 45 patients (50 knees) who underwent cementless total knee arthroplasty were compared with a matched control group of 45 total knee arthroplasty patients (50 knees) with respect to clinical and radiographic data. Surgery was performed over a 10-year period (1980-1989) and follow-up evaluation averaged 7 years (range, 2-11 years). The control group consisted of nonobese patients matched to the obese group with respect to age, sex, diagnosis, preoperative deformity, and length of follow-up evaluation. Clinical evaluation was made using the Knee Society rating scale as well as an analysis of multiple other clinical parameters. Radiographically, each patient was evaluated with long-standing anteroposterior views, lateral and patellar views, and spot fluoroscopic views of the involved knee. This evaluation included an analysis of lucencies, bead shedding, and prosthetic alignment. The final average clinical score in the obese group was 88 points with four revisions, and that for the control group was 91 points with two revisions. There were no significant differences in the combined percentage of good and excellent results between the two groups. On the basis of the results of this study, it is believed that weight as a factor by itself should not compromise the early (7-year average follow-up period) results of total knee arthroplasty.
- control group
- knee arthroplasty
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine