The induction of hapten specific and carrier specific unresponsiveness was used as a model of B and T cell unresponsiveness, respectively. Endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide (LPS)) and a graft versus host (GVH) reaction were then evaluated for their ability to interfere with the induction of B and T cell tolerance in vivo. It was found that LPS, but not a GVH reaction had adjuvant activity in that LPS could convert a B cell tolerogenic signal to an immunogenic one. However, both treatments could partially prevent B cell tolerance induction with trinitrophenyl isologous IgG. Under conditions in which the GVH induced immunosuppression was minimal, carrier (T cell) tolerance was also reduced by the GVH reaction. LPS did not directly interfere with carrier unresponsiveness. It is concluded that LPS can block the induction of unresponsiveness in B cells, whereas a GVH reaction can partially affect both T and B cell tolerance induction.
|Number of pages
|European Journal of Immunology
|Published - 1974
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