Causal Attribution Profiles as a Function of Reading Skills, Hyperactivity, and Inattention

Kimberley C. Tsujimoto, Richard Boada, Stephanie Gottwald, Dina Hill, Lisa A. Jacobson, Maureen Lovett, Ernest M Mahone, Erik Willcutt, Maryanne Wolf, Joan Bosson-Heenan, Jeffrey R. Gruen, Jan C. Frijters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The causes that individuals attribute to reading outcomes shape future behaviors, including engagement or persistence with learning tasks. Although previous reading motivation research has examined differences between typical and struggling readers, there may be unique dynamics related to varying levels of reading and attention skills. Using latent profile analysis, we found 4 groups informed by internal attributions to ability and effort. Reading skills, inattention, and hyperactivity/impulsivity were investigated as functional correlates of attribution profiles. Participants were 1,312 youth (8–15 years of age) of predominantly African American and Hispanic racial/ethnic heritage. More adaptive attribution profiles had greater reading performance and lower inattention. The reverse was found for the least adaptive profile with associations to greater reading and attention difficulties. Distinct attribution profiles also existed across similar-achieving groups. Understanding reading-related attributions may inform instructional efforts in reading. Promoting adaptive attributions may foster engagement with texts despite learning difficulties and, in turn, support reading achievement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)254-272
Number of pages19
JournalScientific Studies of Reading
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 4 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)


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