Care-Seeking for Stress Incontinence and Overactive Bladder among Parous Women in the First Two Decades after Delivery

Jocelyn Fitzgerald, Christopher Pierce, Joann Nugent, Joan Blomquist, Victoria L. Handa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objective This study aimed to establish the extent to which care-seeking for urinary incontinence is a function of symptom bother; and to identify bother-score thresholds that predict care-seeking in the first 2 decades after delivery. Methods In this longitudinal cohort, women were assessed annually for symptom bother related to stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and overactive bladder (OAB), as well as for recent episodes of care-seeking for urinary symptoms. Because the goal was to model care-seeking as a function of the woman's characteristics at her prior visit, women who completed 2 or more consecutive visits were included. The population was randomly divided into "training" (model development) and "testing" (model validation) sets. The predictive model was developed in the training set. For SUI and OAB bother scores, we identified thresholds to define statistically distinct probabilities of care-seeking. A multivariable model was created, including SUI and OAB bother categories as well as characteristics associated with care seeking at the P < 0.05 level. The resultant prediction model was then applied to the "testing set"; predicted and observed care-seeking frequencies were compared. Results Care-seeking was strongly associated with SUI and OAB bother. We defined 3 categories for OAB score and 4 categories for SUI score. The resulting 12 risk categories were then collapsed into 5 distinct risk-groups. These groups accurately predicted care-seeking in the testing set (area under the receiver operating curve, 0.760; 95% confidence interval, 0.713-0.807). Inclusion of other risk factors did not improve the model. Conclusions Symptom bother is a strong determinant of care-seeking in the first 2 decades after delivery. These results define 5 ordinal categories that predict seeking care for urinary symptoms in a community population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-204
Number of pages6
JournalFemale Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016


  • Urinary incontinence
  • care-seeking
  • pelvic floor disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Urology


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