Burden of illness for children and where we stand in measuring the quality of this health care

Marlene R. Miller, Peter Gergen, Melisa Honour, Chunliu Zhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Context. - Measures of health care quality for children are not as well developed as those for adults. It is also unclear the extent to which the current pool of measures address common causes of illness and health care utilization for children. Objective. - The goal of this study was to create lists of high-priority conditions for children based on different vantage points for defining burden relative to both inpatient and outpatient care for children. These high-priority conditions were then cross-tabulated with all known existing quality measures for pediatric health care. Data. - High-prevalence conditions for children were identified by using the 2000 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, 2000 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, 1999 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2000 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's State Inpatient Databases, and 2000 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's State Ambulatory Surgery Databases. Burden assessments were done using frequencies of visits, charges, in-hospital deaths. Existing quality measures for children were identified from a recent compendium of such measures and a search of the National Quality Measures Clearinghouse. Results. - There are numerous and large gaps in existing quality-of-care measures for children relative to high-burden conditions in both the inpatient and outpatient setting. With the ever increasing efforts to measure and even publicly report on health care, efforts for children need to include focus on building a representative repertoire of quality measures for the high-burden conditions children experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)268-278
Number of pages11
JournalAmbulatory Pediatrics
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2005


  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Emergency medicine
  • Health care
  • Hospitals
  • Impatients
  • Infant
  • Outpatients
  • Quality indicators
  • Quality of health care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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