Brief Report: Weight Gain Following ART Initiation in ART-Naïve People Living With HIV in the Current Treatment Era

Stephanie A. Ruderman, Heidi M. Crane, Robin M. Nance, Bridget M. Whitney, Barbara N. Harding, Kenneth H. Mayer, Richard D. Moore, Joseph J. Eron, Elvin Geng, William C. Mathews, B. Rodriguez, Amanda L. Willig, Greer A. Burkholder, Sara Lindström, Brian R. Wood, Ann C. Collier, Vani Vannappagari, Cassidy Henegar, Jean Van Wyk, Lloyd CurtisMichael S. Saag, Mari M. Kitahata, Joseph A.C. Delaney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objectives:Evaluate differences in weight change by regimen among people living with HIV (PLWH) initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the current era.Methods:Between 2012 and 2019, 3232 ART-naïve PLWH initiated ≥3-drug ART regimens in 8 Centers for AIDS Research Network of Integrated Clinical Systems sites. We estimated weight change by regimen for 11 regimens in the immediate (first 6 months) and extended (all follow-up on initial regimen) periods using linear mixed models adjusted for time on regimen, interaction between time and regimen, age, sex, race/ethnicity, hepatitis B/C coinfection, nadir CD4, smoking, diabetes, antipsychotic medication, and site. We included more recently approved regimens [eg, with tenofovir alafenamide fumarate (TAF)] only in the immediate period analyses to ensure comparable follow-up time.Results:Mean follow-up was 1.9 years on initial ART regimen. In comparison to efavirenz/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)/emtricitabine (FTC), initiating bictegravir/TAF/FTC {3.9 kg [95% confidence interval (CI): 2.2 to 5.5]} and dolutegravir/TAF/FTC [4.4 kg (95% CI: 2.1 to 6.6)] were associated with the greatest weight gain in the immediate period, followed by darunavir/TDF/FTC [3.7 kg (95% CI: 2.1 to 5.2)] and dolutegravir/TDF/FTC [2.6 kg (95% CI: 1.3 to 3.9)]. In the extended period, compared with efavirenz/TDF/FTC, initiating darunavir/TDF/FTC was associated with a 1.0 kg (95% CI: 0.5 to 1.5) per 6-months greater weight gain, whereas dolutegravir/abacavir/FTC was associated with a 0.6-kg (95% CI: 0.3 to 0.9) and dolutegravir/TDF/FTC was associated with a 0.6-kg (95% CI: 0.1 to 1.1) per 6-months greater gain. Weight gain on dolutegravir/abacavir/FTC and darunavir/TDF/FTC was significantly greater than that for several integrase inhibitor-based regimens.Conclusions:There is heterogeneity between regimens in weight gain following ART initiation among previously ART-naïve PLWH; we observed greater gain among PLWH taking newer integrase strand transfer inhibitors (DTG, BIC) and DRV-based regimens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-343
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021


  • HIV
  • antiretroviral therapy
  • bictegravir
  • dolutegravir
  • integrase strand transfer inhibitors
  • weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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