Brief report: Impact of healthcare quality on prostate specific antigen screening for the early detection of prostate cancer

Michael E. Rezaee, Charlotte E. Ward, Einar F. Sverrisson, Lawrence M. Dagrosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


With recent guidelines emphasizing patient values, patient preferences and shared decision-making in regards to prostate specific antigen (PSA) screening it is important for primary care providers and urologists to identify factors that influence men's decisions to undergo PSA screening. We sought to evaluate the impact of men's perceptions of healthcare quality on obtaining a screening PSA for the early detection of prostate cancer. A retrospective secondary data analysis was conducted of men ages 55–69 without a history of prostate cancer using 2015 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) data. The relationship between Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS) questions captured in MEPS and PSA screening in the last two years were assessed using multiple logistic regression. The analysis was carried out in October 2018 at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center. The final survey sample consisted of 1249 men that equated to 15,313,605.5 once weighted; 69.5% underwent PSA screening. Men who were offered help with filling out forms in the office (OR: 1.86, 95% CI: 1.14–3.01) or rated the quality of healthcare from their doctors ≥7 (OR: 1.63, 95% CI: 1.10–2.44) on a scale from 0 (worst healthcare) to 10 (best health care) had significantly greater adjusted odds of undergoing PSA screening. Men who rated the quality of healthcare delivered to them as high had significantly greater odds of undergoing PSA screening compared to those who rated it lower. Our results may suggest that improvements in healthcare quality and patient experience of care have the potential to positively influence PSA screening.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100838
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
StatePublished - Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Cancer screening
  • Healthcare quality
  • Men's health
  • Primary care
  • Prostate cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • PSA screening
  • Public health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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