Breathing and Chest Trauma

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Thoracic trauma can be severe and rapidly fatal given the number of vital organs or vascular structures in the chest that may be injured, and the potential implications of these injuries both within and outside of the initial resuscitative period. This chapter explores both normal and pathological respiratory physiology with emphasis on traumatic causes and treatments. Twelve separate clinical conditions are considered, all of which can present as a result of thoracic trauma and can cause morbidity and mortality. Levels of respiratory intervention are considered, ranging from basic supplementary oxygen through to advanced, supra-specialised treatments such as Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO), and practical procedures such as thoracostomy and chest drain insertion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTextbook of Acute Trauma Care
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages139-167
Number of pages29
ISBN (Electronic)9783030836283
ISBN (Print)9783030836276
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chest drain
  • Haemothorax
  • Oxygenation
  • Physiology
  • Pneumothorax
  • Thoracic injury
  • Thorocostomy
  • Ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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