Body composition, gender, and illicit drug use in an urban cohort

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11 Scopus citations


This cross-sectional study of adult (137 male, 128 female), urban, community dwelling users and nonusers of illicit drugs evaluated associations of demographic, medical, and drug factors with body composition. The population was 49% HIV-positive and 94% African-American. In multivariate analysis, there were no body composition differences among males based on drug use. Among females, the highest tertile of drug use had less fat (12.3 vs.19.9 kg, p = .01) and lower body mass index (21.9 vs. 25.1, p = .01) versus less frequent or nonusers. These data suggest a sex difference in body composition associated with drug use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)467-474
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2007


  • Body composition
  • Body weight
  • Cocaine
  • Illicit drug use
  • Narcotic use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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