Although it is well established that members of the Egr family of transcription regulatory factors are induced in many neuronal plasticity paradigms, it is still unclear what role, if any, they play in this process. Because NGF stimulation of pheochromocytoma 12 cells elicits a robust induction of Egr family members, we have investigated their role in mediating long-term effects elicited by NGF in these cells by using the Egr zinc finger DNA-binding domain as a selective antagonist of Egr family-mediated transcription. We report that expression of this Egr inhibitor construct suppresses neurite outgrowth elicited by NGF but not by dibutyryl cAMP. To check that this Egr inhibitor construct does not act by blocking the MEK/ERK pathway, which is known to mediate NGF-induced neurite outgrowth, we confirmed that the Egr inhibitor construct does not block NGF activation of Elk1-mediated transcription, a response that is dependent on this pathway. Conversely, inhibition of MEK does not impair Egr family-mediated transcription. Thus, we conclude (1) that induction of Egr family members and activation of the MEK/ERK pathway by NGF are mediated by separate signaling pathways and (2) that both are required to trigger neurite outgrowth induced by NGF.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Neuroscience|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2001|
- PC12 cells
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