Black-White differences in stroke risk among young adults

Steven J. Kittner, Robert J. McCarter, Roger W. Sherwin, Michael A. Sloan, Barney J. Stern, Constance J. Johnson, David Buchholz, Mary J. Seipp, Thomas R. Price

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations


Background and Purpose: Little information is available regarding black-white differences in stroke incidence in young adults. Methods: Cerebral infarction and intracerebral hemorrhage rates among adults 15 to 44 years of age were studied in Baltimore City and Baltimore County for 1988. Diagnoses were based on neurologist review of data obtained from medical records at 41 hospitals by neurological nurses. Results: The cerebral infarction rates per 100 000 were 22.8 for black males, 10.3 for white males, 20.7 for black females, and 10.8 for white females. The intracerebral hemorrhage rates per 100 000 were 14.2 for black males, 4.6 for white males, 4.8 for black females, and 1.5 for white females. Conclusions: Blacks had significantly (P <.05) higher rates than whites for both cerebral infarction and intracerebral hemorrhage. Cerebral infarction rates are high in Baltimore compared with Florence, Italy, or Stockholm, Sweden.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)I-13-I-15
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1993


  • Cerebrovascular disorders
  • Epidemiology
  • Racial differences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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