Pediatric AKI has become a significant health concern due to its rising incidence and association with adverse outcomes. Because of the limitations of serum creatinine, ongoing research has evaluated multiple novel biomarkers for the early detection of AKI. Identifying biomarkers that precede changes in serum creatinine is vital, because these biomarkers provide opportunities to improve outcomes through early diagnosis and timely disease management. In this review, we discuss salient findings on 16 candidate biomarkers and their association with AKI. We explore the differences in biomarker distribution by age and discuss why adult biomarker research findings cannot be directly extrapolated to children. With future research, more consideration needs to be given to how the maturing kidney affects biomarker levels and how we interpret biomarker performance in children. A comprehensive approach using age-specific biomarker reference ranges is required to develop pediatric biomarkers and improve outcomes for children with kidney disease.
|Number of pages
|Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
|Published - Sep 7 2017
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine