Biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of AKI in children: One size does not fit all

Jason H. Greenberg, Chirag R. Parikh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Pediatric AKI has become a significant health concern due to its rising incidence and association with adverse outcomes. Because of the limitations of serum creatinine, ongoing research has evaluated multiple novel biomarkers for the early detection of AKI. Identifying biomarkers that precede changes in serum creatinine is vital, because these biomarkers provide opportunities to improve outcomes through early diagnosis and timely disease management. In this review, we discuss salient findings on 16 candidate biomarkers and their association with AKI. We explore the differences in biomarker distribution by age and discuss why adult biomarker research findings cannot be directly extrapolated to children. With future research, more consideration needs to be given to how the maturing kidney affects biomarker levels and how we interpret biomarker performance in children. A comprehensive approach using age-specific biomarker reference ranges is required to develop pediatric biomarkers and improve outcomes for children with kidney disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1551-1557
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 7 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation


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