Biological monitoring results for cadmium exposed workers

Melissa A. McDiarmid, Caroline S. Freeman, Elizabeth A. Grossman, John Martonik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


As part of settlement agreement with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) involving exposure to cadmium (Cd), a battery production facility provided medical surveillance data of OSHA for review. Measurements of cadmium in blood, cadmium in urine, and beta2-microglobulin in urine were obtained for more than 100 workers over an 18-month period. Some airborne Cd exposure data were also made available. Two subpopulations of this cohort were of primary interest in evaluating compliance with the medical surveillance provisions of the Cadmium Standard. These were a group of 16 workers medically removed from cadmium exposure due to elevations in some biological parameter, and a group of platemakers. Platemaking had presented a particularly high exposure opportunity and had recently undergone engineering interventions to minimize exposure. The effect of three biological monitoring parameters of medical removal protection in the first group and engineering controls in platemakers is reported. Results reveal that both medical removal from cadmium exposures and exposure abatement through the use of engineering and work practice controls generally result in declines in biological monitoring parameters of exposed workers. Implications for the success of interventions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1019-1023
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Industrial Hygiene Association Journal
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • cadmium exposure
  • intervention
  • medical removal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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