Behavioral, cognitive, and safety profile of 2-deoxy-2-glucose (2DG) in adult rats

Jeffrey C. Ockuly, James M. Gielissen, Craig V. Levenick, Carly Zeal, Katherine Groble, Kaitlyn Munsey, Thomas P. Sutula, Carl E. Stafstrom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


2-Deoxy- d-glucose (2DG), a glucose analog that transiently inhibits glycolysis, has anticonvulsant and antiepileptic disease-modifying properties in experimental in vivo models of seizures and epilepsy. Here we evaluated the effects of 2DG across the range of doses (50-500. mg/kg i.p.) shown previously to exert anticonvulsant and antiepileptic effects in rats, on spatial learning and memory using the Morris water maze and on exploratory behavior using the open field test. For water maze testing, both acute and chronic protocols were tested. For acute testing, 2DG was injected for 15. min prior to the water maze trial only on testing days. For chronic testing, 2DG was injected daily for 14. days before water maze testing began. Neither protocol altered the latency to platform acquisition or retention of platform location by the probe test. For open field testing, 2DG was given at doses of 50-250. mg/kg 15 or 30. min prior to testing on each testing day. When given 30. min prior to testing, exploratory activity in the open field was transiently and reversibly decreased by 2DG at doses of 250. mg/kg/day but there were no effects on open field activity at 50. mg/kg/day. When given 15. min prior to testing, 2DG decreased exploratory activity in a dose-dependent fashion at both 50 and 250. mg/kg. There were no toxic effects of 2DG at doses of 500. mg/kg/day on body weight or general health. In summary, 2DG is well tolerated at doses associated with anticonvulsant and antiepileptic effects, supporting its potential as an anticonvulsant and antiepileptic agent with a novel mechanism of action.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-252
Number of pages7
JournalEpilepsy Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • 2-Deoxyglucose
  • Animal models
  • Epilepsy
  • Glycolysis
  • Toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'Behavioral, cognitive, and safety profile of 2-deoxy-2-glucose (2DG) in adult rats'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this