Baicalin, a flavonoid compound isolated from Scutellariae radix, has been shown to possess a number of pharmacological effects. The aim of the present study was to observe the inhibitory effects of baicalin on the activation of microglial cells induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) and the specific mechanisms by which these effects are mediated. Cultured rat primary microglial cells were exposed to baicalin at final concentrations of 10 μg/ml, 20 μg/ml and 40 μg/ml during 4 h of OGD. The effects of baicalin on (i) cell viability; (ii) secretion of proinflammatory cytokines; (iii) Tlr4 mRNA expression; (iv) p-c-jun, p-ERK1/2, p-JNK, p-p38, TRAF6 and p-IκB-α levels; and (v) co-localization of TLR4 and MyD88 were evaluated using the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), western blot and double-labeled immunofluorescence staining, respectively. OGD increased cell viability and release of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-8, these effects were suppressed by baicalin. Baicalin also attenuated the OGD-induced increases in Tlr4 mRNA expression. In addition, high dose of baicalin reduced TRAF6 levels remarkably. Furthermore, baicalin also downregulated phosphorylation of IκB-α, c-jun, ERK1/2, JNK, p38 and inhibited the OGD-induced transfer of MyD88 from cytoplasm to membrane in microglial cells. The results show that baicalin can inhibit OGD-induced production of inflammatory factors in microglial cells by attenuating inflammatory factors and regulating the TLR4 signaling pathways.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy