Axes and Direction in Spatial Language and Spatial Cognition

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


This chapter argues that axial representations are engaged in both linguistic and non-linguistic tasks. Axial structure is required to account for performance in object location memory tasks, matching tasks, and spatial language tasks. Axial structure representations are independent of direction representation, as revealed by studies of normal adults and children, and spatially impaired adults and children. More specifically, evidence from spatial impairment suggests that direction may be a more fragile component of spatial representation than axial structure. The chapter concludes by arguing that in relation to spatial language, axial representations are more suitable for representing direction than vector-based representations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRepresenting Direction in Language and Space
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780191717345
ISBN (Print)9780199260195
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010


  • Axial representations
  • Axis
  • Direction
  • Linguistic tasks
  • Non-linguistic tasks
  • Space
  • Spatial cognition
  • Spatial impairment
  • Spatial language

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Arts and Humanities


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