Identification of the targets of autoreactive T cells is important for understanding the pathogenesis of many autoimmune diseases. In multiple sclerosis, myelin proteins are thought to be the targets of autoreactive T-cell responses. To date only major histocompatibility complex class It-restricted CD4+ T-cell responses to myelin proteins have been investigated. In the present study, the ability of self peptides derived from human myelin proteins to induce autoreactive CD8+ T-cell responses has been assessed. Peptide sequences from human myelin basic protein (MBP), proteolipid protein (PLP), myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), and myelin oligoden-drocyte glycoprotein have been identified that bind to and form stable complexes with HLA-A2. MBP 110-118, PLP 80-88, MAG 287-295, MAG 509-517, and MAG 556-564 were all able to induce peptide-specific HLA-A2-restricted CD8+ cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses in vitro in HLA-A2+ individuals. CTLs specific for MBP 110-118 and MAG 556-564 could recognize endogenously processed antigens presented by HLA-A2. CTL clones reactive to MBP 110-118 and MAG 556-564 produced tumor necrosis factor a and a subset of these clones also produced Interferon γ. These results demonstrate that (i) self peptides derived from human myelin proteins can induce autoreactive CD8+ CTLs and (ii) these CD8+ T cells produce cytokines thought to be important in mediating demyelinating disease. These studies provide an experimental approach for the assessment of CD8+ T-cell responses in such autoimmune diseases.
|Number of pages
|Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
|Published - Nov 8 1994
- Major histocompatibility complex antigen-binding peptides
ASJC Scopus subject areas