Autonomic dysreflexia is a medical emergency. It occurs in individuals with spinal cord injury at or above the T6 level, disconnecting the caudal spinal region and splanchnic sympathetic outflow from supraspinal control. Visceral or somatic stimuli caudal to the lesion produce acute rise in blood pressure, hyperhidrosis, flushing, pounding headache, nasal congestion, and piloerection. Awareness of autonomic dysreflexia, its prompt clinical recognition, and removal of offending stimuli are important. A quick and systematic treatment of elevated blood pressure can avert serious consequences.
|Title of host publication
|The Curated Reference Collection in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology
|Elsevier Science Ltd.
|Number of pages
|Published - Jan 1 2016
- Acute blood pressure elevation
- Autonomic dysreflexia
- Blood pressure reduction with antihypertensives
- Recurrent blood pressure elevation
- Somatic stimuli
- Visceral stimuli
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Medicine