Autoimmune Encephalitis in the Intensive Care Unit

Luisa A. Diaz-Arias, Carlos A. Pardo, John C. Probasco

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Autoimmune encephalitis is a rapid, progressive encephalopathy due to an autoimmune response directed against the brain parenchyma. It is associated with significant morbidity, often necessitating evaluation and treatment in the intensive care unit (ICU). Patient management centers on rapid diagnosis of the autoimmune encephalitis syndrome with careful assessment for other etiologies of acute encephalopathy, the initiation of immunosuppressive therapy, and the management of associated sequelae including status epilepticus, respiratory failure, elevated intracranial pressure, and dysautonomia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCurrent Clinical Neurology
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Number of pages15
StatePublished - 2020

Publication series

NameCurrent Clinical Neurology
ISSN (Print)1559-0585
ISSN (Electronic)2524-4043


  • Anti-LGI1 encephalitis
  • Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis
  • Autoimmune
  • Encephalitis
  • Intensive care
  • Neurocritical care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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