Augmented reality visualization with image overlay for MRI-guided intervention: Accuracy for lumbar spinal procedures with a 1.5-T MRI system

Jan Fritz, Paweena U-Thainual, Tamas Ungi, Aaron J. Flammang, Nathan B. Cho, Gabor Fichtinger, Iulian I. Iordachita, John A. Carrino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the accuracy of an augmented reality image overlay system in MRI-guided spinal injection procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS. An augmented reality prototype was used in conjunction with a 1.5-T MRI system. A human lumbar spine phantom was used in which 62 targets were punctured to assess the accuracy of the system. Sixty anatomic targets (facet joint, disk space, and spinal canal) were punctured to assess how the accuracy of the system translated into practice. A visualization software interface was used to compare planned needle paths and final needle locations on coregistered CT images (standard of reference). Outcome variables included entry error, angle error, depth error, target error, successful access of anatomic targets, number of needle adjustments, and time requirements. RESULTS. Accuracy assessments showed entry error of 1.6 ± 0.8 mm, angle error of 1.6° ±1.0° , depth error of 0.7 ± 0.5 mm, and target error of 1.9 ± 0.9 mm. All anatomic targets (60 of 60 insertions) were successfully punctured, including all 20 facet joints, all 20 disks, and all 20 spinal canals. Four needle adjustments (6.7%) were required. Planning of a single needle path required an average of 55 seconds. A single needle insertion required an average of 1 minute 27 seconds. CONCLUSION. The augmented reality image overlay system evaluated facilitated accurate MRI guidance for successful spinal procedures in a lumbar spine model. It exhibited potential for simplifying the current practice of MRI-guided lumbar spinal injection procedures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)W266-W273
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume198
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Augmented reality guidance
  • Diskography
  • Epidural injection
  • Interventional MRI
  • MR-guided spine injection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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