Associations of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and mortality in US adults

Bige Ozkan, Morgan E. Grams, Josef Coresh, John W. McEvoy, Justin B. Echouffo-Tcheugui, Scott Z. Mu, Olive Tang, Natalie R. Daya, Hyunju Kim, Robert H. Christenson, Chiadi E. Ndumele, Elizabeth Selvin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: NT-proBNP is an important predictor of mortality but is inversely related to estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Whether the prognostic value of NT-proBNP is similar at different levels of kidney function is unknown. Aims: We evaluated the association of NT-proBNP with eGFR and its implications for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality risk in the general population. Methods: We included adults without prior cardiovascular disease from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999 to 2004. We used linear regression to characterize the cross-sectional associations of NT-proBNP with eGFR. We used Cox regression to assess the prospective associations of NT-proBNP with mortality across categories of eGFR. Results: Among 11,456 participants (mean age 43 years, 48% female, 71% White, 11% Black), there was an inverse association between NT-proBNP and eGFR, which was stronger in those with more impaired kidney function. Per 15-unit decrease in eGFR, NT-proBNP was 4.3-fold higher for eGFR<30; 1.7-fold higher for eGFR 30 to 60, 1.4-fold higher for eGFR 61 to 90, 1.1-fold higher for eGFR 91 to 120 mL/min/1.73 m2. Over a median 17.6 years of follow-up, 2,275 deaths (622 cardiovascular) occurred. Higher NT-proBNP was associated with higher all-cause (HR per doubling of NT-proBNP: 1.20, 95% CI: 1.16-1.25) and cardiovascular mortality (HR: 1.34, 95% CI 1.25-1.44). Associations were similar across eGFR categories (P-interaction >.10). Adults with NT-proBNP≥450 pg/mL and eGFR<60 mL/min/1.73m2 had 3.4-fold higher all-cause mortality and 5.5-fold higher cardiovascular mortality risk, compared to those with NT-proBNP<125 pg/mL and eGFR>90 mL/min/1.73m2. Conclusion: Despite its strong inverse association with eGFR, NT-proBNP has robust associations with mortality across the full range of kidney function in the general US adult population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-58
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican heart journal
StatePublished - Oct 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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