Association of Lipoprotein(a) with peri-coronary inflammation in persons with and without HIV infection

Erin Zisman, Mian Hossain, Nicholas T. Funderburg, Robert Christenson, Jean Jeudy, Shana Burrowes, Allison G. Hays, Nivya George, Michael L. Freeman, Heather Rebuck, Sarah E. Mitchell, Michael Miller, Shashwatee Bagchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (PWH) have an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared to persons without HIV (PWoH). Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is a known atherosclerotic risk factor in PWoH, but there are no studies investigating Lp(a) and peri-coronary inflammation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether Lp(a) is associated with peri-coronary inflammation as assessed by the fat attenuation index (FAI) and activated monocytes and T lymphocytes in PWH and PWoH. METHODS: We measured plasma levels of Lp(a) at study entry in 58 PWH and 21 PWoH without CVD and who had FAI measurements. Associations of Lp(a) with FAI values of the right coronary artery (RCA) and left anterior descending artery were evaluated using multivariable regression models adjusted for potential confounders. Correlations between Lp(a) levels and systemic inflammatory markers and immune cell subsets were examined. RESULTS: Lp(a) was associated with greater peri-coronary inflammation among PWH compared to PWoH (β=1.73, P=0.019) in the RCA, in adjusted models. Significant correlations were observed with certain inflammatory markers (tumor necrosis factor receptor [TNFR]-I, b=0.295, P<0.001; TNFR-II, b=0.270, P=0.002; high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, b=0.195, P=0.028). Significant correlations were found between Lp(a) levels and several markers of monocyte activation: CD16 -CD163+ (b= -0.199, P=0.024), and CD16 -DR+ MFI (b= -0.179, P=0.042) and T cell subset CD38+CD4+ TEMRA (b= 0.177, P= 0.044). CONCLUSIONS: Lp(a) was associated with greater peri-coronary inflammation in the RCA in PWH compared to PWoH, as well as with select systemic inflammatory markers and specific subsets of immune cells in peripheral circulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e430-e443
JournalJournal of clinical lipidology
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2024

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Computed tomography
  • Coronary
  • Fat attenuation index
  • HIV
  • Immune
  • Inflammation
  • Lipoprotein(a)
  • Markers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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