Association of current molecular subtypes in urothelial carcinoma with patterns of muscularis propria invasion

Koorosh Haghayeghi, Shaolei Lu, Andres Matoso, Stephen F. Schiff, Catrina Mueller-Leonhard, Ali Amin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Urothelial carcinoma is subdivided into luminal (L), basal (B), and p53-wild-type (WT) molecular subtypes, with basal and p53-WT groups showing more aggressive course and poor treatment response, respectively. The literature on molecular subtypes of UC includes a mixture of different stages. We investigated the molecular profile and outcome of pure cohort of muscle invasive bladder carcinoma (MIBC) considering two distinct patterns of muscularis propria (MP) invasion. Forty-three cystectomies harboring stage pT2 were retrospectively identified in 18 years. MP invasion was subclassified into patterns 1 (tumor encasing intact detrusor muscle bundles) and 2 (tumor dissecting/replacing detrusor muscle). Using IHC, B/L phenotypes, p53, and Ki67 were assessed, and survival data was collected. Pattern 1 invasion was noted in 16 (37%) and pattern 2 in 27 (63%), with mean age of pattern 1 being 10 years younger. B/L phenotypes were successfully determined in 83.7%; 48.8% and 34.8% revealed L and B phenotypes, respectively (indeterminate phenotype in 16.4%). Pattern 1 was associated with L phenotype (GATA3 and HER-2 expressions: p = 0.02 & p = 0.04, respectively). Ki67 ≥ 5/10HPF was noted in pattern 2 and B phenotype (p = 0.03). B phenotype showed association with p53-WT (p = 0.007). In median follow-up of 60.7 months, 63.6% of pattern 1 cases were alive without disease compared to 32% of pattern 2 (not significant). A panel of CK20 and GATA3 for luminal and CK5/6 and CK14 for basal subtypes can provide reliable molecular classification in UC. Also, morphology of MIBC can predict the molecular phenotype and the behavior of the UC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)515-521
Number of pages7
JournalVirchows Archiv
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2021


  • Basal
  • Luminal
  • Molecular subtypes
  • Muscle invasive bladder cancer
  • Urothelial carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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