Association of antenatal steroid use with cord blood immune biomarkers in preterm births

Praveen Kumar, Scott A. Venners, Lingling Fu, Colleen Pearson, Katherin Ortiz, Xiaobin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


To evaluate the effect of maternal administration of antenatal steroids (ANS) on cord blood cytokine levels at birth in preterm infants. Methods: Cord blood cytokine concentrations were measured for pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-8); anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-4, IL-10 and TGF-β); and neurotrophic cytokines (BDNF, NT-3, and NT-4) in two hundred preterm infants. Data were analyzed using multivariable linear regression to model the independent and joint effects of ANS and inflammation on mean log cord blood cytokine concentrations adjusted for gestational age and Apgar scores. Results: Exposure to ANS had no significant effect on the cord blood concentrations of cytokines measured in this study. All three pro-inflammatory cytokine levels and levels of IL-10 were significantly increased and cord blood levels of TGF-β and NT-3 were significantly decreased in infants with placental inflammation. Conclusion: Although exposure to ANS did not have any significant effect on cord blood levels of cytokines, there was a trend toward the attenuation of inflammatory response and higher levels of neurotrophic cytokines in infants born to mothers with placental inflammation and exposure to ANS compared to infants born to mothers with placental inflammation and no ANS exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)559-564
Number of pages6
JournalEarly Human Development
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Antenatal steroids
  • Brain-derived neurotrophic factor
  • Cord blood cytokines
  • Nerve growth factor
  • Neurotrophin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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