Assessment of the aversive effects of peripheral mu opioid receptor agonism in Fischer 344 and Lewis rats

Catherine M. Davis, Jennifer L. Cobuzzi, Anthony L. Riley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


The Fischer 344 (F344) and Lewis (LEW) inbred rat strains differ on a host of biochemical, neuroanatomical, immunological and behavioral endpoints. One behavioral difference of interest is their differential reactivity to the aversive effects of morphine as indexed by the conditioned taste aversion preparation (aversions acquired by F344 rats are significantly greater than those acquired by the LEW strain). This differential effect appears to be specific to opioids that work primarily on the mu opioid receptor. Given that morphine works systemically, it is unknown whether these differential effects in F344 and LEW animals are centrally or peripherally mediated. To address this issue, the present study investigated the ability of the peripherally acting mu preferring opioid agonist loperamide to induce differential taste aversions in F344 and LEW animals. Both F344 and LEW animals acquired dose-dependent taste aversions to the loperamide-associated solution with no difference between them. Additionally, control animals initially injected with vehicle during aversion training with loperamide and subsequently conditioned with morphine displayed the typical aversive profile to morphine (F344 > LEW). Although the basis for the present data is unknown, their relation to morphine-induced taste aversions and the role of the interaction of stimulus effects of drugs that produce differential abuse liability were discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-186
Number of pages6
JournalPharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • CTA
  • Drug abuse
  • F344
  • LEW
  • Loperamide
  • Morphine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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