Assessment of Circumferential Angle Closure with Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography: a Community Based Study

Natalia Porporato, Mani Baskaran, Tin A. Tun, Rehena Sultana, Marcus C.L. Tan, Joanne H.M. Quah, John Allen, David S. Friedman, Ching Yu Cheng, Tin Aung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT, CASIA SS-1000; Tomey Corporation, Nagoya, Japan) for angle closure detection, in comparison with gonioscopy, in a community setting. Design: Reliability analysis. Methods: A total of 2027 phakic subjects aged ≥50 years, with no previous history of glaucoma, laser (including peripheral iridotomy), intraocular surgery, or ocular trauma, were consecutively recruited from a community polyclinic in Singapore. Gonioscopy was performed by a single trained ophthalmologist. SS-OCT angle scans, which obtain radial scans for the entire circumference of the angle, were analyzed by a single examiner, masked to the subject's clinical details. On SS-OCT images, angle closure was defined as contact between the iris and any part of the angle wall anterior to the scleral spur. Different cutoff values of the degree of circumferential angle closure (≥35%, ≥50%, and ≥75%) were taken for analysis to assess SS-OCT performance in detecting angle closure. Results: A total of 1857 subjects (91.6%) were included in the final analysis after excluding poor-quality SS-OCT scans. Almost 90% of the subjects were Chinese, with a mean age of 61.8 ± 6.7 years, and more than half were women (63.5%). The overall AUC of SS-OCT manual grading against gonioscopy was 0.84 (95% confidence interval, 0.81-0.88). The prevalence of angle closure on SS-OCT was 26.1% for the ≥35% definition, with an area under the curve of 0.80 (0.77-0.84), sensitivity of 82.5% (75.3%-88.4%), and specificity of 78.5% (76.5%-80.4%). The first-order agreement coefficient statistics for the 2-quadrant gonioscopic definition of angle-closure with corresponding ≥35%, ≥50%, and ≥75% angle closure definitions for SS-OCT were good at 0.89 (0.83-0.93), 0.88 (0.842-0.93), and 0.88 (0.831-0.99), respectively. Conclusions: In this large community-based study, SS-OCT exhibited moderate performance for angle closure detection compared to gonioscopy as the reference standard.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-139
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
StatePublished - Mar 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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