Assessment of cannabis craving using the Marijuana Craving Questionnaire.

Stephen J. Heishman, Edward G. Singleton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug in the United States, with 14.6 million current users. Cannabis-dependent individuals presenting for treatment typically report cannabis craving; however, the phenomenon has received little research attention. In the absence of a valid, multidimensional questionnaire to assess cannabis craving, we developed the Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ). The MCQ consists of four constructs or factors that characterize cannabis craving: compulsivity, emotionality, expectancy, and purposefulness. A separate score is calculated for each factor. The MCQ can be used to measure cue-elicited craving in a research setting or natural craving in cannabis-dependent individuals presenting for treatment. Either the 47-item or 12-item version can be used, and standardized instructions for completion of the MCQ should be given. The MCQ can be administered using a paper and pencil form or a computerized version. In a research setting, the MCQ should be administered immediately after cue presentation and repeated frequently to capture the full time course. In a treatment setting, the MCQ should be administered at intake and during and at the end of treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-216
Number of pages8
JournalMethods in molecular medicine
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Assessment of cannabis craving using the Marijuana Craving Questionnaire.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this