Ascending aortic extension for right pulmonary artery stenosis associated with ventricular-to-pulmonary artery conduit replacement

Ronald D. Curran, Constantine Mavroudis, Carl L. Backer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background: Ventricular-to-pulmonary artery conduits in growing patients with congenital heart disease will require replacement from time to time due to somatic growth, neointimal hyperplasia, and pulmonary artery stenosis. The purpose of this article is to review our experience with ascending aortic extension for significant long-segment pulmonary artery stenosis in patients undergoing reoperation for right ventricular-to-pulmonary artery conduit replacement. Methods: From 1989 to 1997, 8 patients had aortic transection, right pulmonary artery augmentation arterioplasty, and aortic interposition graft (Hemashield in 7 and Gore-tex in 1) in association with right ventricular-to-pulmonary artery conduit replacement in 7 patients and completion Fontan operation in 1 patient. Aortic cross-clamp time was 90 ± 34 minutes, and the cardiopulmonary bypass time was 205 ± 37 minutes. Results: All patients survived. In those 7 patients who had conduit replacement, the RV/LV ratio declined from 0.78 ± 0.15 to 0.45 ± 0.05 postoperatively (P < 0.05). Average length of stay was 8.9 ± 7.2 days. Follow-up range is 18 months to 8 years (mean 4 years). Two complications included cardiac transplantation for pre-existing poor left ventricular function and accelerated conduit stenosis leading to conduit re-replacement. Conclusion: Ascending aortic extension facilitates long-segment pulmonary artery augmentation arterioplasty and enlarges the retroaortic space, preventing future compression restenosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)372-379
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cardiac Surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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