Approximate Fourier domain expression for Bloch-Siegert shift

Esra Abaci Turk, Yusuf Ziya Ider, Arif Sanli Ergun, Ergin Atalar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: In this study, a newsimple Fourier domain-based analytical expression for the Bloch-Siegert (BS) shift-based B1 mapping method is proposed to obtain |B1+| more accurately while using short BS pulse durations and small off-resonance frequencies.

Theory and Methods: A new simple analytical expression for the BS shift is derived by simplifying the Bloch equations. In this expression, the phase is calculated in terms of the Fourier transform of the radiofrequency pulse envelope, and thus making the off- and on-resonance effects more easily understandable. To verify the accuracy of the proposed expression, Bloch simulations and MR experiments are performed for the hard, Fermi, and Shinner-Le Roux pulse shapes.

Results: Analyses of the BS phase shift-based B1 mapping method in terms of radiofrequency pulse shape, pulse duration, and off-resonance frequency show that |B1+| can be obtained more accurately with the aid of this new expression.

Conclusions: In this study, a new simple frequency domain analytical expression is proposed for the BS shift. Using this expression, |B1+| values can be predicted from the phase data using the frequency spectrum of the radiofrequency pulse. This method works well even for short pulse durations and small offset frequencies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-125
Number of pages9
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • B mapping
  • Bloch-Siegert shift
  • Magnetic resonance imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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