Appropriateness of coronary revascularization for patients without acute coronary syndromes

Edward L. Hannan, Kimberly Cozzens, Zaza Samadashvili, Gary Walford, Alice K. Jacobs, David R. Holmes, Nicholas J. Stamato, Samin Sharma, Ferdinand J. Venditti, Icilma Fergus, Spencer B. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine appropriateness of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery performed in New York for patients without acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or previous CABG surgery. Background: The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) and 6 other societies recently published joint appropriateness criteria for coronary revascularization. Methods: Data from patients who underwent CABG surgery and PCI without acute coronary syndrome or previous CABG surgery in New York in 2009 and 2010 were used to assess appropriateness and to examine the variation across hospitals in inappropriateness ratings. Results: Of the 8,168 patients undergoing CABG surgery in New York without ACS/prior CABG who could be rated, 90.0% were appropriate for revascularization, 1.1% were inappropriate, and 8.6% were uncertain. Of the 33,970 PCI patients eligible for rating, 28% lacked sufficient information to be rated. Of the patients who could be rated, 36.1% were appropriate, 14.3% were inappropriate, and 49.6% were uncertain. A total of 91% of the patients undergoing PCI who were classified as inappropriate had 1- or 2-vessel disease without proximal left anterior descending artery disease and had no or minimal anti-ischemic medical therapy. Conclusions: For patients without ACS/prior CABG, only 1% of patients undergoing CABG surgery who could be rated were found to be inappropriate for the procedure according to the ACCF appropriateness criteria, but 14% of the PCI patients who could be rated were found to be inappropriate, and 28% lacked enough noninvasive test information to be rated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1870-1876
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number21
StatePublished - May 22 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • appropriateness of coronary revascularization
  • coronary artery disease
  • percutaneous coronary intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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