Antimicrobial stewardship in Latin America: Past, present, and future

Valeria Fabre, Sara E. Cosgrove, Clara Secaira, Juan Carlos Tapia Torrez, Fernanda C. Lessa, Twisha S. Patel, Rodolfo Quiros

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Implementation of antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) in well-resourced countries has been associated with reductions in antibiotic-resistant infections and improved patient outcomes. Several guidance documents providing recommendations on how to structure antimicrobial stewardship activities at the national and hospital level in resource-limited settings have been published. However, few hospitals in Latin America report having a structure or resources needed for a successful ASP. Given the alarming increases in antimicrobial resistance in Latin America, better understanding of barriers to promote implementation of effective ASPs is urgently needed. We have summarized past and present antimicrobial stewardship activities in Latin American hospitals, and we describe key elements needed in future efforts to strengthen antimicrobial stewardship in the region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere68
JournalAntimicrobial Stewardship and Healthcare Epidemiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 22 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Epidemiology


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