Anterior "cheek" electrodes are comparable to sphenoidal electrodes for the identification of ictal activity

Gregory L. Krauss, Ronald P. Lesser, Robert S. Fisher, Santiago Arroyo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Sphenoidal electrodes are used to localize epileptiform activity originating in the temporal lobe during complex partial seizures. Sphenoidal electrodes, however, are semi-invasive and uncomfortable to the patient. We compared skin electrodes placed on the cheek ("cheek electrodes") with sphenoidal electrodes for the detection of the side and site of complex partial seizure onset. In a masked, randomized comparison of single ictal recordings in 22 patients, there were no significant differences between sphenoidal and cheek electrode montages in detecting the side or site of ictal onset (P < 0.01). Signal/noise ratios for interictal spikes were a mean 16.5% greater at sphenoidal sites compared to cheek sites (paired t test, t = 2.4, P < 0.05). This difference, however, did not influence the detection of rhythmical ictal activity in cheek and sphenoidal montages in our study, nor the assignment of side, site or time of seizure onset by unbiased readers. Recordings from cheek electrodes are comparable to those from sphenoidal electrodes and are useful for localizing ictal activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-338
Number of pages6
JournalElectroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1992


  • Electroencephalogram
  • Epilepsy
  • Ictal recording
  • Sphenoidal electrodes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology


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