Animal-related injuries and fatalities: Evidence from a large-scale population-based cross-sectional survey in rural Bangladesh

Md Al Amin Bhuiyan, Priyanka Agrawal, Shirin Wadhwaniya, Qingfeng Li, O. Alonge, Akm Fazlur Rahman, Aminur Rahman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objective This study determines the magnitude and pattern of animal-related injury mortalities and morbidities in rural Bangladesh. Design and setting A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 51 Unions of 7 subdistricts of Bangladesh from June 2013 to September 2013. Participants A total of approximately 1.17 million individuals across all age and gender profiles were included in the survey. The participants had to be residents of the seven subdistricts and have provided consent to participate in the study. Primary and secondary outcome measures Animal-related injury characteristics and demographic information was collected in the study. Frequency, proportion and 95% CIs of variables such as type of animal, type of animal attack, activity of the person prior to attack and the seasonality of the injury were reported. Data was then statistically analysed for associations between injury and sociodemographic characteristics. Results The incidence rate of fatal and non-fatal animal-related injuries across all ages were 0.7 (95% CI 0.4 to 1.4) and 1635.3 (95% CI 1612.0 to 1658.0) per 100 000 populations, respectively. Non-fatal animal-related injury rates were highest among adults 18 years and older (1820.6 per 100 000 population (1777.2 to 1865.1)), and in males across all age groups. The most common animal injury was wasp/hornet/bee sting (49%), followed by cow/buffalo (25%), dog bite (9%) and snake bites (9%). Conclusions Animal-related injuries are an important public health issue in rural Bangladesh. The incidence of animal-related morbidities was found high in the study area. Males, school-going and productive age groups were at high risk. Immediate attention should be given to prevent these events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere030039
JournalBMJ open
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019


  • animal injury
  • community survey
  • mortality and morbidity
  • rural Bangladesh

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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