Anatomical and technical tips for use of the superficial inferior epigastric artery (SIEA) flap in breast reconstructive surgery

Amir H. Dorafshar, Michael Januszyk, David H. Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Techniques for autologous breast reconstruction have evolved to minimize donor-site morbidity and reduce flap-specific complications. When available, the superficial inferior epigastric artery (SIEA) flap represents the optimal method to achieve the former. However, many microsurgeons have been reluctant to adopt this procedure due to technical challenges inherent to the surgery, as well as concerns with the intrinsic capacity of the superficial vessel system to adequately support this flap. This article sets forth a simple approach to the SIEA flap harvest and demonstrates that favorable results may be achieved even for small caliber vessels. A total of 46 patients underwent 53 SIEA breast reconstructions over a 6-year period using a modified approach for pedicle dissection and arterial inclusion criteria solely on the basis of presence of a palpable pulse. Average pedicle length harvested for all SIEA flaps was 6.07 cm; and mean arterial (0.96 mm) and venous (2.27 mm) diameters represent the lowest published values. Three flaps (5.7%) demonstrated fat necrosis or partial flap necrosis, with one (1.9%) complete flap loss. These results compare favorably with those of previous SIEA series employing diameter-based selection criteria, suggesting that the presence of a palpable arterial pulse may be sufficient to permit successful utilization of this flap.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-389
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of reconstructive microsurgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 17 2010


  • Breast reconstruction
  • Perforator flap
  • Superficial inferior epigastric artery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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